What are the 7 mandatory nutrients?
There are seven essential nutrients that the human body needs in order to function properly. These nutrients are classified as either macronutrients or micronutrients, depending on the amount that the body requires.
Macronutrients are nutrients that the body needs in large amounts and include carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
- Carbohydrates are the body’s primary source of energy. They can be found in foods such as grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Proteins are essential for the growth, repair, and maintenance of tissues in the body. They can be found in foods such as meat, eggs, and dairy products.
- Fats are important for providing energy, insulation, and support for organs. They can be found in foods such as oils, nuts, and avocados.
Micronutrients are nutrients that the body needs in smaller amounts and include vitamins and minerals.
- Vitamins are organic compounds that are necessary for the proper functioning of the body’s cells. They can be found in a variety of foods, including fruits, vegetables, and fortified grains.
- Minerals are inorganic substances that are necessary for the proper functioning of the body’s cells. They can be found in foods such as dairy products, meat, and leafy green vegetables.
In addition to these seven essential nutrients, there are also other important compounds that the body needs, such as water and fiber.
- Water is essential for the proper functioning of all of the body’s systems and is necessary for maintaining good health.
- Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that the body cannot digest. It is important for maintaining digestive health and can be found in foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
It is important to get an adequate amount of each of these nutrients in order to maintain good health. A balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from all food groups is the best way to ensure that the body is getting all of the nutrients it needs.